A knee sprain managed correctly will allow the tissue to heal fast and strong. Getting you back into what you enjoy most.
The knee is one of the most common joints injured in the body. A joint that absorbs a huge amount of force when running, jumping and lifting. Fortunately the femur and tibia are surrounded by many structures, but it’s usually these supporting structures that take the stress when we have an injury.
What could I have damaged?
Ligaments: About 40% of injuries to the knee involve ligaments either by a sprain or tear. These structures help give extra stability to the knee. When it has been put under excessive tension it damages the fibers. This results in pain, swelling and instability.
Patellofemoral: 24% of injuries are involving the knee cap. The patella sits within a small channel and if not guided correctly from surrounding muscles and ligaments pain can develop. This becomes particularly sore when squating, running and even basic functions like climbing stairs and sitting.
Meniscus: 11% involve the meniscus. It is fibrocartilage that sits within the knee, providing a level of stability to the ligaments and an element of shock absorption when weight bearing. This can cause a lot of swelling, pain and restrictions. In some cases the knee may lock in certain positions.
Other Injuries: The remaining 25% consists of fractures to knee, dislocation of the patella, Iliotibial band syndrome, hamstring and quads strains/tears etc.
What to do if I’ve injured my knee?
Firstly if you’ve just injured your knee and struggling with weight-bearing seek medical attention, where a Dr may consider an Xray, prescribe medication and will likely refer you to a physiotherapist. If the symptoms are not too severe, but you’re still concerned, come straight to physio. At Fundamental Physio Newmarket I can provide you with the following:
- A detailed assessment of your knee using a range of tests to identify the structures involved, also looking at the mechanics of the hip and ankle.
- Manual therapy to encourage normal movement and faster rate of healing.
- A personalised exercise program for your identified weakness’. This may involve strength exercises, stretches and balance exercises.
- Biomechanical assessment and correcting movement dysfunctions that may delay your recovery.
- Providing you with an understanding of the structures affected and a treatment plan to meet your overall goals.
- If recovery is slower than expected referrals can be made for Xrays/scans to sports or orthopaedic specialist.
Fundamental Physio Newmarket is supported by ACC. If you have hurt the knee during an accident, whether it was at home, work or on the sports field you will receive treatment cover for the injury.