Healthy joints make difficult movements easier
Just like the shoulder, the hip has an important role in allowing us to function in various positions. It’s also a ball and socket joint, with both joints acting as catalysts for power, stability and accuracy of its connecting limb.
Unlike the shoulder as you may already know, the hip is held within a deeper socket, but still has a multitude of muscles surrounding the joint, including its own rotator cuff. The hip also has a ligamentous capsule with fibres angling in different directions. Using the capsule the joint can wind up into some very strong and stable positions. Accessing these ranges of tension puts the joint into a safe place to absorb load.
These high torque shapes held by the hip are our start and finish points of most movements of the lower limb. Most of the time we can function well within the realms of the inner movement. But if we struggle to start from these positions it becomes difficult to transition and finish in a safe end shape. The goal should be to have full physiological capacity.
In the hip, there are 3 shapes we should all be able to achieve.
- The first movement is the squat/hinge a combination of flexion and external rotation at the hip. This movement takes all the glory, it’s all of our squat movements, it’s dead lifting, it’s rowing and the list goes on.
- Next is the Lunge/run which is full extension of the hip with internal rotation. This could be the bottom of a split Jerk, in running it would be your trailing leg before leaving the ground.
- Pistol is the last movement which alludes a lot of people (including myself), requiring full hip flexion but also full ankle dorsiflexion.
While the squat/hinge position is the most common hip shape used. We should also feel competent at the other 2 positions. Over the next few weeks I’ll go through the 3 movements and provide some ideas to achieve full depths.